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D-day, the battle that won the war.

D-day Information

Basic and possibly fun information on D-day.

A landing map for the D-day battle.
786px-allied_invasion_force.jpg

D-day occurred on June 6, 1944. The battle lasted till August 25 1944 when Paris was liberated by the Allied troops. The battle took place in Normandy, France, then advanced upwards as the Allied troops began to take German occupied land which spread though Western Europe.

 

The Allied countries involved were Austrailia, Belguim, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, United Kingdom and the United States. Germany was also involved... In a world war... who'd of thought...

 

  • D-day was actually chosen for the date of June 5th, but was postponed till the next day because of rough seas.
  • D-day war efforts were under the command of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, future president of the United States of America. He was a Republican. (Emma bashes fist into hand)
  • Their landing place was kept secret, and the German's were not expecting the attack.
  • This was a well organized surprise attack with no mistakes.
  • The Allies has 800 warships and 11 000 aircraft.
  • Eisenhower ordered the Allie troops to enter the continent of Europe and undertake operations aimed at the heart of Germany and the destruction of her armed forces.
  • There were 175,000 assault troops, 5, 000 vessels of every type, 20, 000 vehicles and 11, 000 aircraft of the Allied troops invading.
  • Their objective was a 60 mile arc of the beaches in Normandy.
  • During the night U.S. and British airborne forces went by parachutes and gliders to make protective shields at both ends of the beach.
  • The forces at sea approached at dawn. The Allies in ships, cruisers released firearm and bombs pounded the shore.
  • The first wave of assault troops went on landing crafts that prepared to go to shore at 6:30 am.  By nine am, the water was crammed with human bodies.
  • At Omaha Beach almost all members of a 197 man company were killed or wounded within ten minutes of landing on the beach.
  • The Allies swarmed ashore at 5 points. The American troops landed at Omaha Beach, which is in the centre, had bloodiest battle. After five days of fighting, 16 Allied troops occupied a strip of coast 80 miles long and in some places 20 miles deep.
  • Canadian forces landed at Juno Beach and Caen; the British troops landed at Pegasus bridge, Merville Battery, Gold Beach, Sword Beach, and Caen; the United States landed at Sainte-Mere-Eglise, Omaha Beach, Utah Beach, Pointe du Hoc; and French troops landed at Ouistreham and Resistance.  
  • As D-day happened, Hitler was asleep. None of his generals dared to order re-enforcement with out his permission and no one dared waking him. This caused crucial hours to be lost on to holding onto Normandy.
  • By midday on D-day Allie forces were launching more men and even Omaha beach was being captured.
  • At late afternoon on June 6th, had finally gained a foothold in Hitler’s Fortress Europe.
  • The five beaches that the Allied troops had landed at were secured by the end of the day.
  • The Canadian soldiers at Juno beach suffered 50% losses, the second highest of the day.
  • The 3rd Canadian Division had penetrated further into France then any other of the Allied forces.

The causalities for the Allied troops on D-day were 53,700 dead, 18,000 missing, 155,000 wounded. For the German troops it was 200,000 dead, wounded and missing as well as 200,000 captured.

 

The Allies won the battle, liberating France and Western Europe from the German army. This battle helped win the war against Hitler.

 

By Emma and Bridget.